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Encyclopedia : Rare Fruit Trees
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Browsing : Rare Fruit Trees > < > Anonidium mannii


Anonidium mannii
(Junglesop)
Other Names: Asumpa, Bombi, Anguto, Tahu, Bobo, Ebambu


 
Photos
The soft orange flesh of the junglesop, richly flavored similar to mango. (Picture from Wikipedia commons, 2009)
Related To: [Annonaceae] Cherimoya, Atemoya, Kepel

Main Uses: Fruit, Woodwork

Growth Rate: Fast

Mature Height/Spread: Can grow to 50' but is often smaller.

Flowering/Pollination: Large fleshy flowers, 2-3" in diameter.

Tolerance: Unknown.

Soil/Nutrition: Prefers a rich soil that is well aerated, but also moist.

Light: Shade to full sun. This is an understory tree in it's native forests.

Wind: Large leaves make this species susceptible to wind damage.

Temperature: Surprisingly cold tolerant, likely equivalent to the soursop, enduring brief frosts.

Dangers: Seeds possibly toxic.

Diseases Prone: Fungal diseases are often reported.

Bearing Age: Many trees will not bear fruit for decades.

Fruit: Giant fruit, the largest in the annonaceae family. Generally around 15" long and 4-6 kg. Large fruits are capable of weighing 10-15 kg. Flesh is yellow to orange, and ranges from sweet to sour, depending on ripeness and genetics. It has a very rich flavor, overpowering to some, but generally tastes similar to a mango. Fruits are often disfigured due to inadequate pollination.

History/Origin: This species is endemic to West and Central Africa, in equatorial regions. It has been reported in Nigeria, Ghana, Gabon and Zaire. It is considered a common jungle species throughout these regions. Despite it's popularity, it has not been cultivated or developed into a food crop, perhaps because it is so plentiful where it occurs. Usually, certain trees are esteemed for having sweeter, softer fruits, while less desirable (sour) specimens are left to the treetop wildlife.

It is so well liked in the regions where it occurs, that for example, in the Central African Republic, some people pay up more than one day's salary for a single large fruit. A fruit of this size is several meals worth of food. In addition to being an important and widely liked fruit in equatorial Africa, it is also a very important staple for wildlife, especially primates.

Species Observations: Species is surprisingly resilient to adverse conditions, bouncing back from both drought and frost.

Propogation: By seed; recently, agricultural strains are being selected and developed as a food crop.

Container Culture: Unknown.

Medicinal Uses: Unknown.

Nutritional Information: Per 100 grams of fruit:

Protein : 2.1 g
Fat : 0.6 g
Carbohydrate : 3.5 g
Fiber : 6 g
Sodium : 14 mg

Preparation / Food: Eaten fresh.

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